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"Al-Ghazali describes hope as an “efficient antidote for fear”. While fear of the consequences may prevent bad actions, the hope for a reward may motivate to do good actions."
Shaykha Halima Krausen on Weapons of Faith
— 2 years ago

#hope  #sh halima krausen 
Weapons of Faith: Part 3 Love

The three things that should be considered in teaching, advice, and policy-making: fearhope, and love as outlined early on in our history.

The third and probably most efficient weapon in our struggle against fear and ignorance is love. Love for our Creator, for our brothers and sisters, for all humankind, and for creation is what ultimately gives meaning to our efforts, beyond anything that fear and hope could possibly achieve. It is a strong force that is even able to sometimes turn an enemy into a friend by “defeating evil with something that is better” (Surah 41, Ha-Mim as-Sajdah:34).

Therefore Rabi’ah al-Adawiyah, the famous mystic of Basra, reportedly said, "I would like to extinguish hellfire and set paradise on fire so that people get rid of these two veils and serve God only for the love of His beauty." But this is probably best for advanced mystics to understand.

Read part 1 “Fear”, here and part 2 “Hope” here

— 2 years ago

#love  #sh halima krausen 
Weapons of Faith: Part 2 Hope

The three things that should be considered in teaching, advice, and policy-making: fearhope, and love as outlined early on in our history.

Another weapon would be hope. In fact, Al-Ghazali describes it as an efficient antidote for fear. While fear of the consequences may prevent bad actions, the hope for a reward may motivate to do good actions.

Hope is also a strong support that enables us to continue, to have patience, to try a fresh start. Our prophetic models have been exposed to depressing experiences and dark days in their lives and had to be reminded of the sparks of hope. Even the Prophet Muhammad was told, "Your Lord has not left you, and He is not angry. And what comes afterwards is better for you than what was before …" (Surah 93, Ad-Duha).

We must keep that in mind for our perspective when we teach our children and get them involved; when we help others to deal with a personal crisis or a conflict. Most important, though, is to keep in mind that the hermeneutical key for exegesis of our source text as well as for ijtihad is a message of hope: the Prophet Muhammad was sent as a "Mercy for the Worlds".

We must not forget that the purpose of our Law is happiness both in this world and in the life to come.

Read part 1 "Fear", here and part 3 "Love" here

— 2 years ago with 1 note

#hope  #sh halima krausen 
"Faith is a fortress that provides security for the people within and around"
Shaykha Halima Krausen on Weapons of Faith
— 2 years ago with 1 note

#quote  #sh halima krausen 
Weapons of Faith: Part 1 Fear

Faith is a fortress that provides security for the people within and around. It is a stronghold from which to fight. As classical scholars like Al-Ghazali phrased it: "We start doing something about our own character, in this case about our own fear and ignorance, thus building such a fortress.”

Then we might think about possible weapons. I see three things that should be considered in teaching, advice, and policy-making: fear, hope, and love as outlined early on in our history.

Many would first think of fear as an efficient weapon. Well, perhaps a warning of consequences may clarify the limits and boundaries and demand respect and may therefore be necessary. But fear is a double-edged sword.

I frequently come across what I call fear-inhibited religion: inexperienced imams and teachers who are afraid that their communities lose themselves in bad actions put such weight on warning messages of punishment and hellfire that people hardly dare to do anything at all.

Another manifestation would be the demand for drastic measures against something that is perceived as threatening - but this is exactly the stuff that violent extremism grows from - in all varieties that have aptly been described in one of the earlier lectures: both terror and the war against terror are ultimately based on the idea of fighting fear with fear.

Read part 2 “Hope” here and part 3 “Love” here

— 2 years ago

#fear  #sh halima krausen 
Fear, Hope and Love by Shaykha Halima Krausen

Ghazali has mentioned, we need to start doing something ourselves, and then move forward into the societal level.  In a sense, we need to think about our « weapons » that we need to employ in facing the current onslaught of problems.

There are 3 weapons that can be used: fear, hope and love.

Fear has the quality of inhibiting religion.  When fear is prevalent, people find it easy to do anything.  It also results in drastic measures against the threat that causes that fear.

Hope is a much more efficient weapon.  It is a protection against fear, as noted by Imam Ghazali, it is a strong support to continue to have patience and be reminded by sparks of hope, as the Qur’an has noted, “Your Lord has neither forsaken you, nor does He hate you.” (93:3) Thus we must keep hope in mind, for it is the hermeneutical key for the interpretation of primary texts.

Love is also essential – we must engender love not just for our brothers and sisters, but for all humankind, and all of creation, the Prophet PBUH is sent a mercy to all mankind. Rabia al-Adawiyyah once said, “I’d like to extinguish hell-fire with water, and set fire to Paradise, in order that people see the beauty of God” .  

Perhaps that is only for highly advanced spiritual adepts, but it is an example to help us balance our ordinary life through the elements of fear, hope and love.

— 3 years ago with 1 note

#sh halima krausen 
"Faith is important, as it helps find openings and new ways to deal with our circumstances."
Shaykha Halima Krausen scholar on the Alliance of the Middle Way platform
— 3 years ago

#sh halima krausen 
Al-Iman Aman min al-khawf wa al-jahl (Fight Fear and Ignorance. Have Faith) by Shaykha Halima Krausen

The difference in the English and Arabic slogans posted at the front of the conference – in English: « Fight Fear and Ignorance – Have Faith » while in Arabic: « Al-Iman Aman min al-khawf wa al-jahl ».  This was indicative of the differences in the circumstances of Western Muslim communities and those of the Muslim world.

No doubt, fear and ignorance are two major issues, which need to be addressed, and the solution to these issues is faith, it is the response to diverse challenges which Muslims in Europe face, such as:

unemployment, social discrimination, intellectual problems, superstition and extremism, spiritual crises (the loss of values in the younger generation).

They also face prejudice in the mainstream media, and in mainstream public opinion. Knowledge is another response to these challenges. However, knowledge, at the theoretical level, is not sufficient if it does not consider local circumstances.

Knowledge should be combined with experience, not cultural assumptions, here lies the vital role of scholars in contextualizing knowledge. Scholars are like seeds, which need to be replanted depending on contexts. Scholars are inheritors of prophets. Hence, their vital role lies in the importance of raising the standards of knowledge to help the human vicegerent (khalifah) to fulfill their responsibility on earth.

The reconsideration of Islamic tradition is very much needed in the context of Europe. There is a need today for teachers to teach students.  Faith is also important, as it helps find openings and new ways to deal with our circumstances.  

View the Alliance of the Middle Way gallery
— 3 years ago

#sh halima krausen  #knowledge 
Shaykha Halima Krausen, Dr Laura McDonald and Humera Khan during a discussion session at the Fez Summit

Shaykha Halima Krausen, Dr Laura McDonald and Humera Khan during a discussion session at the Fez Summit

— 3 years ago

#photo  #humera khan  #dr laura macdonald  #sh halima krausen